A BIT OF HISTORY: "...33 AF Men Saved By Navy - Page 10 - Naval Aviation News - February 1949..." WebSite: http://www.history.navy.mil/nan/backissues/1940s/1949/feb49.pdf [16JUL2004]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "... NAS Agana, Guam is in the Marianas Islands, and was under the command of Commander Fleet Air Wing ONE. Units stationed at The Naval Air Station included the Fleet All Service Squadron ONE EIGHTEEN, (FASRON 118). On Jan 5, 1949, Patrol Squadron TWENTY-EIGHT, (VP-28), Home Based at NAF Kadena, Okinawa, Japan, was deployed to NAS Agana, Guam, M.I. for six (6) months of Advance Base Operations. VP-28 had a compliment of nine (9) PB4Y-2 PRIVATEER's. Commanding Officer Of VP-28 was CDR Frederick L CURTIS, 77811/1310, USN. Executive Officer Of VP-28 was LCDR Leslie D. Davis, 1310, USN On 10 Jan 1949, three (3) of VP-28's PB4Y-2 PRIVATEER's were deployed to NAF Naha, Okinawa, Japan for search & rescue, typhoon reconnaissance & possible airlift in the event of trouble in the China Revolution. The following bases were visited by all crews of VP-28: Manila; Tachikawa, Japan; Itazuke, Japan; Shangai, China; & Tsingtao, China. Information on the Air Facilities were compiled by Fleet Air Wing ONE on the facts gathered by the crews on these flights and all of the Squadron was familiarized with the bases in the event of future operations from the area. VP-28 Squadron Awards: 1. Pacific Area Battle Efficiency Pennant for Patrol Squadrons, Competitive Year 1949. 2. Commander Air Force, Pacific Fleet, Patrol Squadron Safety Award for 1949. 3. NAS Agana, Guam, M.I., Intramural Softball League Champions of 1949. On 10 Jul 1949, VP-28 departed NAS Agana, Guam, M.I. for NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii, Oahu, T.H., our new Home Base Of Operations. NAS Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, our previous Home Base, had been put on auxilary standby, and all Navy Squadrons transferred to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii. VP-28 was relieved at NAS Agana by Patrol Squadron TWENTY-TWO, (VP-22) Squadron Personnel of VP-28, other than flight crews, boarded the USS Andromeda, AKA-l5, in Apra Harbor Guam on 9 Jul 1949, and returned to Pearl Harbor on 18 Jul 1949, and were transported to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii..." Contributed by James C. Miller, Sr. Patron28@aol.com [24JUN98]
A BIT OF HISTORY: UNIT: VP-28 PREVIOUS DES: VP-HL-8 NAME: Hawaiian Warriors TAIL CODE: CF/QC ACTIVATED: 1948 DEACTIVATED: 10-1-69 TYPICAL LOCATION(S): NahaCirca 1945
"Title: Lockheed P2V Neptune An Illustrated History by Wayne Mutza firstname.lastname@example.org...A Schiffer Military History Book...ISBN: 0-7643-0151-9...286 pages full of pictures and history!
A BIT OF HISTORY: "1948--I joined VP-28 in 1948 at NAS Kaneohe Bay, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the CO was CDR F. L. Curtis and the XO was LCDR Leslie D. Davis. We had a compliment of nine (9) PB4Y-2 PRIVATEER Aircraft. In January 1949 we were deployed to NAS Agana, Guam for six (6) months, relieving VP-22, one of our sister squadrons at our home base of NAS Kaneohe Bay, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Our other sister squadron was VP-25, the "Bat" squadron. On 10 Jul 1949 the squadron to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii. On 22 Jul CDR F.L. Curtis turned over command to LCDR C. F. Skuzinski. 2 Feb 1950 the squadron again was deployed to NAS Agana, Guam for six (6) months of adfvance base operations. Due to the activity in Korea on 25 Jun 1950 our deployment back to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii was delayed until Sep. 12 Sep 1950 CDR C. S. Minter, Jr relieved CDR Skuzinski as CO of VP-28. 28 Mar 1951 the squadron was deployed for WestPac, and its new base -- Itami Air Base, in Southern Honshu, Japan. Sep 1951 the squadron deployed back to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii, leaving behind three (3) crews, "Detachment Able", to operate out of NAS Atsugi, Japan and rotate one crew at a time out of K-1 in Korea. On 15 Dec the three (3) Detachment Able" rreturned to NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii and joined the rest of the squadron. 8 Feb 1952, CDR Minter was relieved by LCDR C. B. McAfee, who was promoted to CDR on 13 Mar 1952. I left the squadron in May 1952 for a short stay of a month in FASRON 117, as the squadron was preparing to deploy to Okinawa, and I was scheduled to be discharged in Jun 1952. The lineage for Patrol Squadron Twenty-Eight, VP-28 is as follows from the Department Of The Navy Historical Center Washington Navy Yard, 901 M Street SE, Washington DC 20374-5060: Established as VB-108 1 Jul 1943 / Redesignated VPB-108 1 Oct 1944 / Redesignated VP-108 15 May 1946 / Redesignated VP-HL-8 15 Nov 1946 / Redesignated VP-28 1 Sep 1948 / Disestablished 1 Oct 1969..." Contributed by James C. Miller, Sr. Patron28@aol.com
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...VP-28 AMM2 Clifford Miller Hathaway - Crew-2 - LogBook April 1944 through September 1945 - This is a fine grouping from one man, The top item is the log book that he used in the rear to discuss all the mission highlights in striking terms, to include rescues, bombings, straffings and one mission that he details getting hit and losing an engine while coming in low over the island to hit a Japanese two stacker ship and the sky lit up like the 4th of July. "They threw everything at us, except their false teeth!" The diary and log book are complete and discuss rescue missions that on the web have scant details. There are a set of matching dog tags as well as an odd tag that is oblong and two inches long with all the same info as on the dog tag set. There is a period Navy ID card and a set of nice double riveted Navy Gunner wings as well as a set of his rank..." WebSite: EBay http://www.ebay.com/usr/frogsbitehard [18MAR2014]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...02AUG45 - PV (FAW-18), flown by a relief crew from VPB-28, en route from Saipan to Jinamoc, Philippine Islands, makes initial sighting of survivors from sunken heavy cruiser Indianapolis (CA-35) around 11°32'N, 133°34'E.25 ..." HyperWar http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/USN-Chron/USN-Chron-1945.html [11SEP2005]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...11MAR45 - PBM-3d (VPB-28) attacks Japanese convoy in South China Sea, sinking water carrier Wayo Maru about 40 miles southeast of Macao, 21°31'N, 112°28'E..." HyperWar http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/USN-Chron/USN-Chron-1945.html [11SEP2005]
A BIT OF HISTORY: Contributed by John Lucas email@example.com [13JAN2002]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...VPB-28 was split into two detachments, with one remaining at Lingayen Gulf aboard Barataria (AVP 33) consisting of six planes and eight crews, and the other at the Jinamoc Seaplane Base, San Pedro Bay, Leyte Gulf, Philippines. The Jinamoc detachment, with five aircraft and nine crews, began flying two antisubmarine patrols daily east of Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao..." WebSite: http://www.history.navy.mil/avh-vol2/chap3-8.pdf [18OCT2004]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...22 Sep 1945: The detachment at NAB Sangley Point, Philippines, joined the detachment at Jinamoc Seaplane Base, San Pedro Bay, Leyte Gulf, Philippines, placing the operational control of VPB-28 under FAW-10...." WebSite: http://www.history.navy.mil/avh-vol2/chap3-8.pdf [18OCT2004]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...From 1945 to 1969, U.S. Navy aircraft were involved in a number of aerial incidents with forces of the Soviet Union, People's Republic of China, North Korea, and Czechoslovakia. These incidents resulted in the loss of eight Navy aircraft and one Coast Guard aircraft, eighty-one Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard aviators and crewman, and several aircraft damaged and crewmen wounded and injured. The list below, compiled from official and unofficial sources, does not include aircraft lost in direct action in the Korean and Vietnam wars, nor aircraft shot down by Chinese forces in the vicinity of Vietnam in connection with that war..." Naval Historical Center, Department Of The Navy, Washington, D. C http://www.history.navy.mil/branches/dictvol2.htm [06MAY2001]
20 Sep 1952 P4Y-2S VP-28
Aircraft attacked by two Chinese MiG-15s off the coast of China, but able to return safely to NAF Naha, Okinawa, Japan.
20 Sep 1952 P4Y-2S VP-28
Aircraft attacked by two Chinese MiG-15s off the coast of China, but able to return safely to NAF Naha, Okinawa, Japan.
23 Nov 1952 P4Y-2S VP-28
Attacked without result by a Chinese MiG-15 off Shanghai, China.
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...VPB-28 Squadron Awards..." Contributed by Mahlon K. Miller firstname.lastname@example.org [23APR2001]
Navy Unit Commendation
01 Mar 45 – 23 Apr 45
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...Action Report states this is VP-28. Mentions no PBYs but correspondence of 1945-Dec-03 says "Well done to the Black Cats on their recent successes."..." NARA - Record Group 9NS-313-94-01 321762 Box 6 of 21, Folder 131 http://www.pby.com
Circa 1944 - 1949
A BIT OF HISTORY: PB4Y-2 Squadron Assignments "...PB4Y-2 Squadron Assignments 1944 - 1949 by W. T. Larkins 5-11-1984. A review of the aircraft history cards for the 740 aircraft 59350-60009 and 66245-66324 allows the following squadrons with one or more aircraft. Unfortunately the original assignment on many in 1944 is simply "PAC" for Pacific area. No card was found to verify VB-200 as the first squadron delivery or any Marine Corps squadrons. Squadrons listed include VP-12, VP-21, VP-22, VP-23, VP-25, VP-26, VP-27, VP-28, VP-29, VPB-100, VPB-101, VPB-10, VPB-102, VPB-104, VPB-106, VPB-107, VPB-108, VPB-109, VPB-111, VPB-114, VPB-115, VPB-116, VPB-117, VPB-118, VPB-119, VPB-120, VPB-121, VPB-122, VPB-123, VPB-124, VPB-143, VPB-197, VPB-200, VP-HL-1, VP-HL-2, VP-HL-4, VP-HL-6, VP-HL-7, VP-HL-8, VP-HL-9, VP-HL-10, VP-HL-11, VP-HL-12, VP-HL-13, VPM-1, VPW-1, VPW-2, VPW-3, VX-1 and VX-2..." Contributed by Bill Larkins email@example.com [01AUG2010]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...FAW-5 - VP-28 War Diary - September 1944 - War Diary..." Official U. S. Navy Records (National Archives and Records Administration) via Fold3 http://www.fold3.com/ [06NOV2012]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...FAW-5 - VP-28 War Diary - July 1944 - War Diary..." Official U. S. Navy Records (National Archives and Records Administration) via Fold3 http://www.fold3.com/ [06NOV2012]
A BIT OF HISTORY: FAW-2 VP Aircraft and Location "...FAW-2, VPB-4, VPB-13, VPB-19, VPB-25, VPB-26, VPB-28, VPB-71, VPB-100, VPB-111 and VPB-115 - FAW-2/A12-1 01 NOVEMBER to 30 NOVEMBER 1944..." Official U. S. Navy Records (National Archives and Records Administration) via Fold3 http://www.fold3.com/ [16OCT2012]
A BIT OF HISTORY: FAW-2 VP Aircraft and Location "...FAW-2, VPB-4, VPB-11, VPB-13, VPB-16, VPB-26, VPB-27, VPB-28, VPB-34, VPB-52, VPB-100 and VPB-106 - FAW-2/A12-1-013 December to 31 December 1944..." Official U. S. Navy Records (National Archives and Records Administration) via Fold3 http://www.fold3.com/ [15OCT2012]
A BIT OF HISTORY: VP-28 History "...Trans Pacific Flight - Detail of Hearing Loss - My Father, Brendan AMM1 Sandiford, passed away 1985. Dad served with VPB-28 (1944-1945) and flew as a FE withn Crew-13. This letter was from his personal collection..." Contributed by John Sandiford firstname.lastname@example.org [18JAN2011]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...VP-28 History from Herb Merritt's Records...The information I've given is a small portion of all that Herb's diaries..." Contributed by Herb Merritt c/o His Wife Barbara Merritt email@example.com [15JAN2001]
The squadron was formed in July and August, 1944, at Harvey Point (Hertford, North Carolina).
The crew embarked from San Francisco on November 15th, landed in Hawaii on the 23rd, were transported to Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, and were there until January 23, 1945. They flew patrols all of that month.
On January 23rd, Herb's plane flew first to Johnston Island; they were next on Ebeye, Kwajalein atol, for two days, then to Saipan for one day, then to Ulithi for two days, then to Leyte for two days, and finally to Linguyan Gulf for nine days. Next they went to Mindoro, on February 8th, and were ther for nineteendya, then back to Linguyan Gulf, to Cabilition Island. They remained there from February 27th until April 23rd.
Then they were in Leyte (Jinamoc) for a week(April 23-30). They were sent to manila Bay for four days,(Ma1-4), and then back to Linguyan Gulf for twenty days (May 4-24), followed by another ten days in Manila Bay.
On June 3, they were in Cavite for two days(June 3-5), then four days in Mindanao(June 5-9), then back to Linguyan Gulf for twenty-five days (June 9-July 4).
Next they were in Manila Bay for 15 days(Jul4-19), and last, in Cavite for thirty days
July 19-August 18 - The Squadron flew fifty-three continuous days of black cat attacks on Japanese shipping in the South China Sea and the Formosa Strait. They were credited with 126,660 tons of shipping sunk or damaged.
Herb claimed in his diary that the only other squadron with a better record, (over 200,000 tons) had taken eighteen months and three tours to run up their score.
Herb flew thirty missions with plane three in the squadron; they lost one man, Buddy Boyle, who was killed on March 8 when their plane was hit by enemy fire while they were black catting in the Formosa Strait.
I have pictures of the cemetary where he is buried and of his grave. Herb indicates its location as Santa Barbara; I have searched my map of the Philippines and can find no Santa Barbara listed, so I'm guessing it's the name of the cemetary, not the town.
The crew flew from Linguyan to visit his grave, so it must be somewhere in the Philippines, maybe Samar? It's definitely a military cemetary.
"1943 - 26 Years Pass in Review - 1969" Contributed by Peter Lindberg firstname.lastname@example.org 1943 - 26 Years Pass in Review - 1969
"The Pointer" Fri., Oct. 3, 1969
The VP-28 Hawaiian Warriors compiled a long and distinguished record of service since its commissioning on July 1, 1943, as Bombing Squadron 108. The squadron fought valiantly throughout two wars, and until its deactivation Wednesday, patrolled the vast reaches of the Pacific, projecting the Navy's mission of seapower for peace -- ever ready to perform its primary mission, anti-submarine warfare.World War II
VB-108 went to war in the Southwest Pacific during 1943 flying PB4Y-1 aircraft. These long range bombers were an -adaptation of the famous Consolidated Liberator which had proven its worth in the skies over Europe. New P2 Neptunes
The early Hawaiian Warriors became expert at low level bombing, and developed the delivery techniques that became standard practice. During the last five months of 1945 alone, the pilots of VB-108 flew 731 combat missions--sinking or damaging more than 200 enemy ships.
At the end of the war the squadron returned to Hawaii. From its base in the Islands, it conducted advanced base operations from numerous Pacific Islands--including Kwajalein, NAS Agana, Guam and Okinawa.
On Dec. 1, 1948, the squadron was re-designated as VP-28.
Early in 1949, the Hawaiian Warriors again deployed to the Western Pacific. During the Korean War, P4Y-2 Privateers of VP-28 ranged far over the Sea of Japan, the Taiwan Straits,- and the Yellow Sea. Numerous patrols were flown along the strongly defended coast of Communist China.
Working closely with the U.S. Marines during this period, the Hawaiian Warriors helped to perfect the night flare dropping techniques that proved amazingly effective against the "human wave" attacks of the Communist troops. For its effort and its outstanding performance of duty, the squadron was awarded the Korean Presidential Unit Citation.
In 1952 the Hawaiian Warriors returned home to Barbers Point. During that year, the squadron traded it's war-weary planes for the newer Lockheed P2V Neptunes. Nuclear Test Support
Equipped with these new aircraft, the squadron flew many hours from its home base becoming proficient in the multiple missions of anti-submarine . warfare, maritime patrol or reconnaissance, aerial mining, and search and rescue. Periodically, the Hawaiian Warriors deployed to advance bases scattered around the rim of the vast Pacific-NAS Kodiak, Alaska; lwakuni, Japan; Naha, Okinawa.
The spring of 1958 saw the squadron selected to participate in Operation Hardtack as a part of the joint Army-Navy-Air Force-Atomic Energy Commission team which conducted nuclear tests from bases in the Marshall Islands.
Declared winner of the Pacific Fleet's battle efficiency competition in the fall of 1960, the Warriors were awarded the coveted "E" as the best of the Pacific Fleet's land-based patrol squadrons for that competitive period. Additionally, the Capt Arnold J. Isbell Trophy for Excellence in Anti-submarine Warfare was presented to them.
Early in 1961, the Warriors again deployed. From bases in Japan, they flew patrols in support of the U.S. 7th Fleet operating in Far Eastern waters. For their superior performance of duty and the outstanding results achieved on the deployment, the squadron was commended by the Commander, Seventh Fleet; the Commander, Taiwan Force; and Commander Fleet Air Wing Six.
As a member of the Joint Task Force Eight team in 1962, the squadron flew missions in support of the nuclear tests conducted from Christmas and Johnston Islands in the Pacific.Gulf of Tonkin
Later, they amassed a total of some 5,000 flying hours and passed the 58,000 accident-free flying hours mark during a six-month deployment to MCAS lwakuni which began in November of 1962.
The Hawaiian Warriors returned to Barbers Point and completed the transition to the newer SP2H Neptune aircraft by January 1964. During this period, they hosted numerous reserve and foreign patrol squadron detachments, seeking always to improve the tactics and techniques that constitute the art of anti-submarine warfare. Crews from both Canadian Forces and Royal Australian Air Forces were hosted, with the resulting exchange of ideas, and of friendships.
Operationally ready once again, the squadron deployed to Japan in May 1964. Flying in support of 7th Fleet units, they participated in the Gulf of Tonkin crises. Following the initial North Vietnamese torpedo boat attacks, the squadron flew a record 1,608 hours in the month of August alone--an average of 134 flight hours per crew. Safety Record Still Intact
As a result of this outstanding performance despite limited support, VP-28 was commended by Com 7th Fleet. Subsequently, the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal was authorized for flight crew members who flew missions into the Tonkin Gulf.
The transformation of the Hawaiian Warriors into today's Lockheed P3 Orion - equipped squadron began upon returning to Barbers Point in October 1964. By April of 1965, the transition was complete. The nine new Orions were ready and the crew aircraft and their highly trained crews made a significant contribution to the ASW readiness of the Pacific Fleet.
In July of that year, two Hawaiian Warrior crews flew their Orions "down under" to participate in a joint exercise -- LONGEX 65 -- and to acquaint the officials of both Australia and New Zealand with the capabilities of the mighty P3AOrion
October 1965 found the squadron deployed to Sangley Point, Philippines. Operating as a unit of the 7th Fleet once again, the Hawaiian Warriors flew Operation Market Time missions, designed to deny the use of the water supply routes to South Vietnam to the Viet Cong. ASW patrols in support of 7th feet attack carriers were also flown. The seven-month deployment saw the squadron amass over 8,500 flight hours - with the perfect safety record still unblemished.Circa 1942-1945
Returning home to Hawaii in June, 1966, the squadron participated in the numerous operations, and ever present training and readiness exercises which constitute "routine MidPac operations." Detachments were soon dispatched to such islands as Midway, Canton, Guam, Wake, and Kwajalein -- wherever needed to support fleet operations. Tile far-ranging Orions literally covered the Pacific as the training cycle progressed toward the next deployment.
For classified operations in the spring of 1967 -- operations under the Command of Commander, Anti-Submarine Warfare Forces, Pacific and of the highest national security interest -- the squadron was recommended for the Navy Unit Commendation for sustained outstanding performance of duty.
Late in May 1967, the Hawaiian Warriors deployed to NAS Adak, Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. Flying ocean surveillance patrols, shipping reconnaissance, and other missions in the extreme and unpredictable Aleutian weather soon became routine for the squadron. Frequent ice patrols took the Hawaiian Warriors above the Arctic Circle into Polar ice regions. Operating from bases at NAS Adak, Alaska, NAS Kodiak, Alaska, and Shemya, the squadron was able to fly more than 1,000 hours monthly in support of the operational missions assigned Commander, Alaskan Sea Frontier while maintaining one of the higher readiness standings among Pacific Fleet P3 Orion squadrons.
Returning in December 1967, the Hawaiian Warriors once again began "routine MidPac" operations under the operational control of Commander, Hawaiian Sea Frontier, and Commander Fleet Air Wing Two.
The squadron operated throughout the Pacific during the entire year of 1968, flying from the West Coast to Guam, from Alaska to far south of Hawaii.
From January to July of this year, the Hawaiian Warriors flew in the Western Pacific, temporarily based at Naha, Okinawa. During this deployment, VP-28 crews flew more than 6,500 hours in support of "Operation Market Time" in South Vietnam.
In addition, the squadron conducted operations from lwakuni, Japan; Tainan, Taiwan; Guam; Sangley Point, Philippines; and Cam Ranh Bay, South Vietnam.
RAdm W. T. Rapp, Commander Patrol Forces, Seventh Fleet, singled out VP-28 commanding officer, Cdr Harvey Gray, Jr., and his crewmen for praise on their departure, noting that, "from beginning to end the deployment of VP-28 .... has been impressive and an unqualified success."
During the deployment, the Hawaiian Warriors conducted exploration-in the search for new and effective tactics of anti-submarine warfare.
Patrol Squadron 28, this week, became history after 26 years of service to the United States. Aloha.
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...History of FAW-5 - History of Headquarters Squadron Fleet Air Wing Five - 01SEP42 through 01JAN45. Squadron's Assigned: VP-15, VP-16, VP-17, VP-18, VP-21, VP-22, VP-25, VP-26, VP-27, VP-28, VP-31, VP-52, VP-63, VP-81, VP-92, VP-94, VPB-105, VPB-107, VPB-110, VPB-111, VPB-112, VPB-113, VPB-114, VPB-126, VPB-134, VPB-147, VPB-149, VP-201, VP-205, VP-208, VP-209, VP-210, VP-211, VP-212, VP-213, VP-214, VP-215 and VP-216 - Submitted Feburary 1, 1945..." Official U. S. Navy Records (National Archives and Records Administration) via Fold3 http://www.fold3.com/ [27NOV2012]
A BIT OF HISTORY: "...History of FAW-8 - History from 08JUL41-31DEC44 Submitted April 12th, 1945. Squadron's Assigned: VP-16, VP-18, VP-19, VP-20, VP-21, VP-22, VP-25, VP-26, VP-27, VP-28, VP-43, VP-61, VP-62, VP-63, VP-72, VP-81, VP-82, VP-83, VP-84, VP-92, VP-118, VP-123, VP-133, VP-137, VP-140, VP-142, VP-144, VP-148, VP-150, VP-153, VP-198, VP-205, VP-208 and VP-216..." Official U. S. Navy Records (National Archives and Records Administration) via Fold3 http://www.fold3.com/ [01DEC2012]
A BIT OF HISTORY: VP-28 Postcard "...Circa 1940..." Contributed by John Lucas JohnLucas@netzero.com [28AUG2005]
"VP-28 History Summary Page"